The quopri module
This module implements quoted printable encoding, according to the MIME standard.
This encoding can be used if you need to convert text messages which mostly consists of plain US ASCII text, such as messages written in most European languages, to messages that only use US ASCII. This can be quite useful if you’re sending stuff via steam-powered mail transports to people using vintage mail agents.
# File: quopri-example-1.py import quopri import StringIO # helpers (the quopri module only supports file-to-file conversion) def encodestring(instring, tabs=0): outfile = StringIO.StringIO() quopri.encode(StringIO.StringIO(instring), outfile, tabs) return outfile.getvalue() def decodestring(instring): outfile = StringIO.StringIO() quopri.decode(StringIO.StringIO(instring), outfile) return outfile.getvalue() # # try it out MESSAGE = "å i åa ä e ö!" encoded_message = encodestring(MESSAGE) decoded_message = decodestring(encoded_message) print "original:", MESSAGE print "encoded message:", repr(encoded_message) print "decoded message:", decoded_message
original: å i åa ä e ö! encoded message: '=E5 i =E5a =E4 e =F6!\012' decoded message: å i åa ä e ö!
As this example shows, non-US characters are mapped to an ‘=’ followed by two hexadecimal digits. So is the ‘=’ character itself (“=3D”), as well as whitespace at the end of lines (“=20”). Everything else looks just like before. So provided you don’t use too many weird characters, the encoded string is nearly as readable as the original.
(Europeans generally hate this encoding, and strongly believe that certain US programmers deserve to be slapped in the head with a huge great fish to the jolly music of Edward German…)