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The MimeWriter module

This module can be used to write “multipart” messages, as defined by the MIME mail standard.

Example: Using the MimeWriter module
# File: mimewriter-example-1.py

import MimeWriter

# data encoders
import quopri
import base64
import StringIO

import sys

TEXT = """
here comes the image you asked for.  hope
it's what you expected.

</F>"""

FILE = "samples/sample.jpg"

file = sys.stdout

#
# create a mime multipart writer instance

mime = MimeWriter.MimeWriter(file)
mime.addheader("Mime-Version", "1.0")

mime.startmultipartbody("mixed")

# add a text message

part = mime.nextpart()
part.addheader("Content-Transfer-Encoding", "quoted-printable")
part.startbody("text/plain")

quopri.encode(StringIO.StringIO(TEXT), file, 0)

# add an image

part = mime.nextpart()
part.addheader("Content-Transfer-Encoding", "base64")
part.startbody("image/jpeg")

base64.encode(open(FILE, "rb"), file)

mime.lastpart()

The output looks something like:

Content-Type: multipart/mixed;
    boundary='host.1.-852461.936831373.130.24813'

--host.1.-852461.936831373.130.24813
Content-Type: text/plain
Context-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable

here comes the image you asked for.  hope
it's what you expected.

</F>

--host.1.-852461.936831373.130.24813
Content-Type: image/jpeg
Context-Transfer-Encoding: base64

/9j/4AAQSkZJRgABAQAAAQABAAD/2wBDAAgGBgcGBQgHBwcJCQgKDBQNDAsLDBkSEw8UHRofHh0a
HBwgJC4nICIsIxwcKDcpLDAxNDQ0Hyc5PTgyPC4zNDL/2wBDAQkJCQwLDBgNDRgyIRwhMjIyMjIy
...
1e5vLrSYbJnEVpEgjCLx5mPU0qsVK0UaxjdNlS+1U6pfzTR8IzEhj2HrVG6m8m18xc8cIKSCAysl
tCuFyC746j/Cq2pTia4WztfmKjGBXTCmo6IUptn/2Q==

--host.1.-852461.936831373.130.24813--

Here’s a larger example, which uses a helper class that stores each subpart in the most suitable way:

Example: A helper class for the MimeWriter module
# File: mimewriter-example-2.py

import MimeWriter
import string, StringIO, sys
import re, quopri, base64

# check if string contains non-ascii characters
must_quote = re.compile("[\177-\377]").search


#
# encoders

def encode_quoted_printable(infile, outfile):
    quopri.encode(infile, outfile, 0)

class Writer:

    def __init__(self, file=None, blurb=None):
        if file is None:
            file = sys.stdout
        self.file = file
        self.mime = MimeWriter.MimeWriter(file)
        self.mime.addheader("Mime-Version", "1.0")

        file = self.mime.startmultipartbody("mixed")
        if blurb:
            file.write(blurb)

    def close(self):
        "End of message"
        self.mime.lastpart()
        self.mime = self.file = None

    def write(self, data, mimetype="text/plain"):
        "Write data from string or file to message"

        # data is either an opened file or a string
        if type(data) is type(""):
            file = StringIO.StringIO(data)
        else:
            file = data
            data = None

        part = self.mime.nextpart()

        typ, subtyp = string.split(mimetype, "/", 1)

        if typ == "text":

            # text data
            encoding = "quoted-printable"
            encoder = lambda i, o: quopri.encode(i, o, 0)

            if data and not must_quote(data):
                # copy, don't encode
                encoding = "7bit"
                encoder = None

        else:

            # binary data (image, audio, application, ...)
            encoding = "base64"
            encoder = base64.encode

        #
        # write part headers

        if encoding:
            part.addheader("Content-Transfer-Encoding", encoding)

        part.startbody(mimetype)

        #
        # write part body

        if encoder:
            encoder(file, self.file)
        elif data:
            self.file.write(data)
        else:
            while 1:
                data = infile.read(16384)
                if not data:
                    break
                outfile.write(data)

#
# try it out

BLURB = "if you can read this, your mailer is not MIME-aware\n"

mime = Writer(sys.stdout, BLURB)

# add a text message
mime.write("""\
here comes the image you asked for.  hope
it's what you expected.
""", "text/plain")

# add an image
mime.write(open("samples/sample.jpg", "rb"), "image/jpeg")

mime.close()